Higher education benefits our Commonwealth economically
in two critical ways: by producing graduates who possess real earning
(and spending) power; and by stimulating research, development,
and innovation. Higher education - from the community college to
the doctoral degree - helps individuals earn substantially more
income and contribute to their communities. Research and development
stimulates economic growth, creates jobs, helps saves lives, and
addresses critical problems in Virginia, the nation, and the world.
Since Governor Warner took office, Virginia has been offering 5,700 additional degrees per year. In his final budget, the governor included $255 million (in mostly one-time funding) for research and development opportunities, with a commitment from state higher education institutions of up to $299 million in additional funds.
Education level is the
best predictor of quality of life. Well-educated communities will
likely prosper in the 21st century economy. Poorly educated communities
will likely wither, in part because inhabitants suffer from more
crime; lack of economic development and jobs; and a host of health-related
and social problems.
Additional education makes workers more productive and enables
them to increase their earnings - factors that make companies more
likely to locate or expand in states where workers are highly educated.
And when people earn higher income, they use the additional money
for increased consumption and investment. This additional spending
ripples through the economy, producing even more economic activity.
Yet it's not enough simply to attend college - students need to
succeed in college in order to reap the improved salary benefits.
The value of obtaining a degree is clearly measurable:
- Associate degree = $8,000 higher salary. On average, a person
with an associate degree earns $8,000 more than a person with
a high school diploma and $20,000 more than a person without a
high school diploma.
- Bachelor's degree = $13,000 higher salary. On average, a person
with a bachelor's degree earns $13,000 more than a person with
a high school diploma and $25,000 more than a person without a
high school diploma.
- Master's degree = $28,000 higher salary. On average, a person
with a master's degree earns $28,000 more than a person with a
high school diploma and a whopping $40,000 more than a person
who did not complete high school.
Simply put, there are clear payoffs to education. We need to do
a better job of increasing student access to higher education -
in part through the Governor's Senior Year Plus Initiatives - and
we need to do a better job of ensuring student success.
Research and development are other important keys to prosperity
in the new economy, from creating new jobs at high-tech start-up
businesses to curing diseases through research at our medical schools.
Research also plays a critical function in passing the torch of
knowledge to students through leadership and scholarship in the
academic community. New technologies and economic development depend
upon new basic knowledge, which comes as a result of having the
resources to ask questions, and the time to determine which questions
are sound and which paths are worth following.
The relationship between funded research and economic development
is well documented. A study published by the U.S. Department of
Commerce, for example, noted that major universities and research
institutions are key suppliers of innovations that contribute to
Yet the mere presence of R and D in the Commonwealth may not be sufficient to generate the kinds of return we know are possible, given Virginia's assets. There also must be intent and direction.
While Virginia has performed reasonably well in a tough economic
and policy environment, we can do better. Citizens took a significant
step forward in 2002 by approving a General Obligation Bond issue,
which provided over $200 million for research facilities and labs
at our colleges and universities.
The Governor's goals for higher education are designed to produce
a better-educated, more prosperous Commonwealth by ensuring that
students have every chance to succeed at every level. The importance
of degrees and the stimulus provided by research and development
are crucial aspects of this initiative. This means more college
graduates need to earn everything from associate degrees to doctorates.
It also means strengthening the research capacity of Virginia's
institutions of higher education to create more jobs and more opportunity
for all Virginians.
By setting clear and measurable goals, the Governor's higher education
initiative will yield an additional 10,000 degrees, from associate
degrees to doctorates, by 2010 by:
- Expanding capacity across the system of higher education to
accommodate the additional 61,000 students seeking places in our
public colleges and universities this decade;
- Providing safe, up-to-date, and well-maintained classrooms
o Filling in the gaps between high school and postsecondary education
to make sure more students succeed in college;
- Maintaining student financial aid to ensure broad access to
our colleges and universities;
- Encouraging institutions to add or expand high-demand academic
programs, such as teaching and health professions;
- Reaching out to underserved student populations and regions
to widen their higher education opportunities;
- Encouraging more use of distance learning and the Virginia
Virtual Library (VIVA) to expand educational opportunity across
- Strengthening and expanding transfer agreements between community
colleges and four-year institutions; and
- Using our private colleges to help meet enrollment demand.
The initiative also aims to increase Virginia's higher education
research and development expenditures to $1 billion by 2010 by:
- Working with a panel of national experts to help Virginia
focus on outstanding research programs that have the greatest
potential for growth and opportunity;
- Providing state-of-the-art technology, equipment, and laboratory
- Encouraging cooperative ventures, such as the Institute for
Homeland Defense and Security, that build on the collective strengths
of our colleges and universities.
Finally, the imitative seeks to ensure greater accountability for
investments in higher education by:
- Supporting institutional efforts to improve quality;
- Creating incentives for improving student retention so that students not only enroll but also progress; and
- Eliminating regulations and constraints that increase the cost of education without increasing its quality or effectiveness.
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