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Heritage Community Foundation Presents
Alberta Online Encyclopedia

Alberta In The Early Days Logo
Alberta: How the West was Young

Read all the Heritage Trails transcripts:

1. Archaeology and Pre-Contact

2. First Nations and Métis

First Nations in Alberta

  • 28 - The Iroquois in Alberta
    Summary:During the late 1780s the fur trading companies began to recruit from Iroquois communities around Montreal - in particular Kahnewake. Read to learn how the Iroquois came to Alberta.
  • 324 - The Métis, Part One
    Summary:Who were the Métis? Historian David Leonard gives a brief history.
  • 325 - The Métis, Part Two
    Summary:More Métis moved to Alberta after the Métis Rebellion of 1870. Louis Riel once again challenges the dilution of the culture of the West.

Place Names in Alberta

Trade and Early Contact

Treaties in Alberta

3. Fur Trade and Mission History




  • 156 - Early Mountaineers
    Summary:Mountaineering was a sport for the idle and adventurous - and the person who named a number of features in the Lake Louise area was only a teen.
  • 380 - Akka Makkoye, Indian Mapmaker: Part Two
    Summary:The person to map the territory from the Red Deer River south to Wyoming and west from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean was Akka Makkoye, or Many Swans.

Traders at Work:

Traders at Rest:


Lakes and Rivers:


  • 171 - Akamina Pass and South Kootenay Pass
    Summary:Akamina Pass's name is descriptive of the area's appearance. What does "akamina" mean?
  • 172 - Athabasca Pass
    Summary:This amazing pass takes its name from the nearby natural features in the Rocky Mountains between Alberta and British Columbia.
  • 176 - Healy Pass
    Summary:This pass was named after a colourful adventurer and explorer. Find out more about him.
  • 177 - Kicking Horse Pass
    Summary:This pass was named after an incident on one of the side trips taken by a member of the Palliser expedition.

Historic Trails:

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