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Alberta Online Encyclopedia
The Métis in Western Canada: O-Tee-Paym-Soo-Wuk

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The BeginningsThe People and Their CommunitiesCulture and Lifeways
The Métis in Alberta

Winter CabinThe Métis have been called the forgotten people—a nation stranded between two worlds, drifting somewhere in the past. Recollections of the Métis are hazy, generally linked with a bitter struggle led by Louis Riel.

Yet the Métis had a strong presence before Riel, and today other leaders have taken his place, addressing concerns that stretch back through history. Beyond any political issue is a culture that is undeniably part of Canada's mosaic.

The Métis were—and are—a people distinguished by their independence, individuality, and resilience. Though a century has passed since Riel died on the gallows, the Métis did not die with him. In 1982, the Métis were acknowledged as an aboriginal people in the Constitution. And as Canadians continue to search for an identity, it is inevitable that the contribution of the Métis will be fully recognized.

The forgotten people will be remembered.

View the Timeline

The Métis, Part One
Summary: Who were the Métis? Historian David Leonard gives a brief history. [Read Note]

This project was made possible thanks to the financial contribution of Industry Canada's Francommunautés virtuelles program and Canadian Heritage's Canadian Culture Online Program, as well as the Government of Alberta's Community Initiatives Program.


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