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Aboriginal Youth Identity Series: LeadershipGlossaryBiographiesTid Bits Leadership


  • 10,000 BCE ancient Siksika culture was developing on the plains
  • 1450: Iroquois League of Five Nations was formed uniting the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca tribes.
  • 1816: Battle of Seven Oaks occurred in Manitoba. Métis killed Red River governor, Robert Semple and 20 setters. Only one Métis was killed. This was the first time that the Métis flag was flown it was a blue background with white infinity or lazy 8 symbol.
  • 1820: Métis people have marked permanent residence at Red River .
  • 1877: Treaty 7 signed by the government of Canada, Siksika Confederation, Tsuu T’ina (Sarcee), and Stoney Nations.
  • 1885: the North West Rebellion was led by Métis leaders Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont.
  • 1920: all Canadian women were given the right to vote; Aboriginal people living on reserves were not allowed to vote.
  • 1939 to 1945: more than 6,000 Aboriginal people volunteered to serve in WWII.
  • 1961: National Indian Council was formed to promote unity amongst Aboriginal people; it was superseded by the National Indian Brotherhood in 1968.
  • 1962: Aboriginal people living on reserves were given the right to vote in Federal elections.
  • 1982: New constitution recognized the existence of Aboriginal rights but did not define them.
  • 1990: Meech Lake Accord failed. All provincial legislatures had to approve, and the Manitoba legislature did not give its approval because Elijah Harper with held his support. Thus the Accord did not recieve the necessary unanimous concent withiin the time limit.

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