In the middle of the 19th century new ideas changed the intellectual,
social and cultural life in both Europe and Canada. The French Revolution
and the Civil War in the United States of America both reflected and
informed new thoughts about society and its structure. New applications of
science fuelled the industrial revolution and the watershed of
technologies which characterizes the mechanized lifestyle of the 20th
century. The opportunity to move and produce with greater technical
sophistication helped drive expectations towards greater efficiency, both
in terms of production and of institutional organization.
In addition, the fur trade in Canada began to slow significantly following
the sale of Rupert's Land by the The Hudson's Bay
Company to the Canadian government in 1869. Following the sale, the
government quickly began encouraging
eastern Canadians to include the west in their visions.
Vital differences exist between the Methodist Missionary world of the
pre-1870 years and those of the post 1870 years. Instead of being directed
from a Wesleyan society based out of England, the Methodist missionaries
were now directed by a Methodist Church of Canada. In what ways did the
role of the Methodist Missionaries change in the Post-1870 period?
These pages explore the effect of developments in thought and technical
possibilities on Canada's national vision and social structure and their
consequences as they pertained to the Methodist missions on the western