hide You are viewing an archived web page, collected at the request of University of Alberta using Archive-It. This page was captured on 16:14:02 Dec 08, 2010, and is part of the HCF Alberta Online Encyclopedia collection. The information on this web page may be out of date. See All versions of this archived page.
Heritage Community Foundation Presents
Alberta Online Encyclopedia
Missions and Related Sites

              Home   /   Sitemap   /   About   /   Partners   /   Mission Era Timeline   /   Research Corner   /

Heritage Community Foundation
Quicklinks

Overview

Establishment

People and
Events

Legacy



To Listen to the Heritage Trails, you need Real Player, available free from
  Real Networks.
Download the Free Real Player!

Fort Victoria SketchThe Victoria Mission (situated 15 kilometre south from present-day Smoky Lake in central Alberta) began in an area where a small population of Aboriginal people lived. The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) joined the community in 1864 and people venturing west from Red River found a place to homestead. By the turn of the 20th century, the site was a thriving community of Métis, Aboriginal people and immigrants. 

With the passage of time, farming increased and to meet the demand the HBC opened a grist mill in 1873. Local dairy operations replaced the mill in the late 1880s and a general store opened, operated by a free trader rather than the HBC.

A telegraph office opened in 1886 and the community soon had postal services, although the mail-run was only once every two weeks. With the arrival of the post office the community was renamed Pakan to honour the Cree chief known as Pakan and to avoid being confused with Victoria in British Columbia.

In 1897 the HBC abandoned Fort Victoria and the number of European immigrants, particularly from Ukraine, increased. In 1902 more than 100 Ukrainian families immigrated to the area and by 1906 that number had risen to 250.

Heritage Trails - Presented by CKUA Early Ukrainian Settlement, part 3: Joseph Oleskew
Listen | Read

Dominion Land Survey, Part 2: Challenges on the Prairie
Listen | Read

Riverlot MapDespite the population boom, Pakan declined rapidly in the 1920s and by 1921 it had been removed from the mission list. The decline was mostly due to the arrival of the railroad in the region, which prompted and eased the transfer of businesses and people to nearby Smoky Lake.  

 


Albertasource.ca | Contact Us | Partnerships
            For more on Methodism and Methodist settlement in Alberta, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.
Copyright © Heritage Community Foundation All Rights Reserved