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The maps in this section illustrate in a graphic way the changes which have taken place in the Alberta area during the 19th century.

Aboriginal occupation and migration has its own history which saw nations in the western regions come and go. The claim by Hudson's Bay Company of Ruperts' Land and its subsequent sale to Canada was a transaction foreign to the Aboriginal understanding of relating to and living on the land. Land ownership was introduced late in the 19th century, when Indian reserves were designated and immigrants were invited to claim homesteads.

Early Posts and Missions
Establishment of fur trading posts, Methodist and Roman Catholic missions, and North West Mounted Police posts in 15 year increments, from 1825-1915

First Nations 1820
Distribution and approximate lands of Aboriginal peoples after 1820

Confederation 1867
Canada at Confederation and the extent of Rupertsland as chartered by Hudson's Bay Company

Trade Routes
The route from Hudson Bay to Edmonton and connecting trade routes overland and by waterway to Edmonton

Tribal Distribution
Distribution of Aboriginal peoples across present-day Canada at time of first contact

Present-day Canada showing treaty lands and boundaries

First Nations Reserves and Settlements
As distributed across Canada

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