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Immigration
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After World War II, Canada's immigration patterns and policies gradually became more liberal until they were radically altered in the late 1960s. As enshrined in the Immigration Act of 1910 and subsequent orders-in-council, there still remained a "pecking order" in terms of immigration. English, American, Irish and French immigrants were still officially considered the most desirable. However, as had happened in the past, when economic conditions warranted it, the Canadian government was willing to modify those guidelines.

With the economy remaining in full swing following the war, Canada experienced a manpower shortage that the "preferred" countries could not completely satisfy. In Alberta there was a farm labour shortage, particularly in the southern sugar-beet industry. Plus, the newly developing oil industry would soon generate thousands of jobs. The choice was to either let the economy slow or welcome new immigrants.

 William Lyon Mackenzie KingThe government of William Lyon Mackenzie King chose to open Canada to wide-scale immigration. This massive influx would still be limited primarily to Europeans, however. In 1947 King announced that the Liberals would adopt a postwar immigration policy that would "foster growth of the population of Canada by the encouragement of immigration without altering the fundamental character of the Canadian nation." Although the policy was restrictive, for the first time in Canadian history the United Kingdom and United States would no longer supply the majority of immigrants. During this period their numbers remained large but were eclipsed by the those arriving from continental Europe.

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