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The Making of Treaty 7 - The Treaty

Treaty 7 parchment, signed in 1877

Treaty 7 was signed between the First Nations of what is now southern Alberta and representatives of the British Crown in 1877. It has generated great debate between the Treaty 7 First Nations and government officials ever since. The treaty document itself is the outline of how First Nations and the rest of Canada were going to get along, how land was to be allocated and used, and how those who lived on the land should be compensated for giving up rights to the land. It is a written document that is still part of Canadian law.

But does the story of Treaty 7 begin and end with what was written on its pages? Does this document truly reflect the true relationship established between the government of Canada and First Nations peoples? By examining the text of the document, perhaps some of the questions about it can be addressed. In this section of the website, a copy of the text of treaty is available for examination, along with images of the original treaty document, and maps outlining treaty boundaries areas in Alberta and Canada.

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            For more on the making of Treaty 7, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.
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