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  Home>> Professor Lynx Presents: Alberta 101>> Alberta’s Provincial Emblems

Alberta’s Provincial Emblems

You probably knew that the wild rose is Alberta’s official flower, but did you know that Alberta is soon to have an official mushroom, making it the first province to embrace a fungus? Read more to become an expert on Alberta’s emblems!

Shield of ArmsShield of Arms: Topped by a red St. George’s Cross on a white background, the Shield of Arms of Alberta portrays an azure (blue) sky, snow-capped mountains, rolling green hills, prairie, and a wheat field. Alberta was granted an official shield by Royal Warrant on 30 May, 1907.

Alberta flagFlag: Like Canada, and every other province and territory in Canada, Alberta has a flag. The provincial flag shows the Shield of Arms of Alberta on a blue background. Even though Alberta had the Shield of Arms since way back in 1907, it took about 60 years for Alberta to get an official flag. It finally did so on 27 January, 1967.

Alberta Francophone flagDid you know that Alberta also has a flag that represents its Francophone population? In 1982, Alberta’s French speaking community came up with a flag that represents Francophone heritage in Alberta. The flag is blue, white, and red, with a Fleur de Lys representing France in its upper left corner, and a Wild Rose representing Alberta in its lower right corner.

Coat of ArmsCoat of Arms: Alberta’s Coat of Arms was created as an addition to the Provincial Shield of Arms on 30 July, 1980. The Coat of Arms depicts a royal crown on top of a beaver, who is sitting on a helmet with a silver and red wreath. A gold lion that symbolizes power and a pronghorn antelope symbolizing riches flank the Shield of Arms, and the base is a grassy mount with wild roses and the provincial motto.

Provincial Tartan: Adopted on 30 March, 1961, Alberta’s Official Tartan basically tries to represent Alberta in plaid form. If you look at it for a really long time without blinking, it really does start to look like the Albertan landscape…just kidding! Still, each of the colours symbolizes the following: Alberta's tartan

  • Green - Alberta's forests
  • Gold - Alberta's wheat fields
  • Blue - Alberta's clear skies and sparkling lakes
  • Pink - Alberta's wild rose
  • Black - Alberta's coal and petroleum.

Provincial coloursProvincial Colours: Blue and Gold. Just like the tartan, Alberta’s official colours try to embody the province’s natural beauty. The blue represents the sky and gold/deep yellow represents the prairies. Alberta officiallly recognized these colours in 1984.


Bighorn sheepProvincial Mammal: The Bighorn Sheep. Primarily found in the Rocky Mountain region of the province, the Bighorn Sheep is a tough, durable animal native to Alberta. The Bighorn Sheep received its Official Mammal status on 18 August, 1989.

Bull trout Provincial Fish: The Bull Trout. If you ever see this guy at the end of your fishing line, be sure to release him. In order to ensure this species of fish never becomes endangered, there is a catch and release policy governing its fishing. The Bull Trout ascended to Provincial Fish status on 2 May, 1995. Great Horned Owl

Provincial Bird: Great Horned Owl. Some birds escape the hard Albertan winters by opening up their winter condos in Florida, but not the Great Horned Owl, who lives in Alberta all year round. The Great Horned Owl became Alberta’s Provincial bird in 3 May, 1977.

Pine treeProvincial Tree: Lodgepole Pine. Next time you pass over a railway track, take a moment of silence to remember all the good Lodgepole Pine’s who were felled to create that track. Much of our province’s foundation (well, the wooden one, anyway) was built with this tree, and it continues to be a useful resource for lumber and paper products. The Lodgepole Pine was adopted as Alberta’s official tree on 30 May, 1984.

Wild RoseProvincial Flower: Wild Rose. You probably see it on motor vehicle license plates more than you do in nature, but the wild rose has been the official flower since 1930.


GrassProvincial Grass: Rough Fescue, Alberta’s Provincial Grass since 30 April, 2003. The rough fescue is a humble, common grass—nothing very fancy looking, but it feeds countless wildlife and livestock all year long.


Petrified woodProvincial Stone: Petrified Wood. Representing Alberta’s prehistoric past, petrified wood is the result of microcrystalline quartz depositing into the pores and cells of trees that fell 60 to 90 million years ago. Petrified wood became Alberta’s official stone on 18 May, 1977.

Leccinum borealeSoon-to-be-Provincial Fungus: Red Cap Mushroom. We made you scroll all the way to the bottom of the page, but here it is, the Red Cap Mushroom in all its fungal glory. It’s not quite an emblem of Alberta yet, but it’s expected to be officially adopted by the Alberta Legislature in 2006. Apparently, it tastes great!


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