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Barley Field, August 1921.Pesticides are chemicals used to prevent or control weeds, insects, diseases and vertebrate pests. They include herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and vertebrate poisons. These products are rigorously tested and there are strict guidelines for their application to ensure safety, performance and value. Pesticides have helped Alberta farmers produce an abundant supply of highquality, reasonably priced food products. However, from a wildlife perspective, pesticides may also eliminate non-target species, reducing biodiversity. Special effort is required to maintain the local diversity of native flora and fauna in intensively cultivated areas.

Department of the Environment. State of the Environment Report, Terrestrial Ecosystems. Edmonton: n.p., 2001. With permission from Alberta Environment.




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