hide You are viewing an archived web page, collected at the request of University of Alberta using Archive-It. This page was captured on 16:24:33 Dec 08, 2010, and is part of the HCF Alberta Online Encyclopedia collection. The information on this web page may be out of date. See All versions of this archived page.
Heritage Community Foundation Presents
Alberta Online Encyclopedia
SitemapSearchHelpContactPartnersEdukitsHome
Resource Inventory
History of Development
Innovation and New Technology Visit Alberta Source! Heritage Community Foundation
Heritage Trails presented courtesy of CKUA Radio Network Canada's Digital Collections

Home > Alberta's Resource Inventory > Soil and Agriculture > Resource Development > Irrigation > Surface Irrigation

Resource Inventory

Surface Irrigation

Irrigating Vegetables, c.1920.Surface irrigation includes four types of irrigation. What these irrigation methods have in common are that they all use gravity and the field itself to direct and distribute the water. When water is applied to the field, it flows across the entire field, in either a direct or an indirect way. 

Water from the irrigation may run off the field or pond on its surface. The time between the end of the advance and when the inflow is cut off is called the wetting or ponding phase. After application of the water has stopped the remaining water will either run off or soak into the field.

 There are four major types of surface irrigation: 

  1. basin irrigation

  2. border irrigation

  3. furrow irrigation

  4. uncontrolled flooding

The primary areas of water loss in surface irrigation are: surface runoff, deep percolation and evaporation.

previousNext


Soil and AgricultureHydrocarbonsForests


Albertasource.ca | Contact Us | Partnerships
            For more on natural resources in Alberta, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.
Copyright © Heritage Community Foundation All Rights Reserved