Jack is the youngest of eight children: there were three boys, three girls, a brother, then Jack. Beginning at the age of six, he walked three miles to school and three miles home again. His father did not have a horse and therefore had to borrow one from the neighbours. His family could not borrow money from the bank and had to rely on discarded farming equipment Whites no longer wanted. Jack and his siblings had to clear the land by hand. Times were indeed tough in the beginning, but they did eventually get better.