the oil and gas industry often affect surrounding areas and populations. People
with an interest in these activities are called stakeholders. They may include
nearby residents of communities, First Nations, recreational land users,
foresters and miners, fishing and shipping interests, local businesses,
environmental groups and various government agencies as well as the operating
company, its employees and contractors. Industry associations, government
regulators and individual companies have policies and guidelines to make sure
that stakeholders are consulted about industry operations.
Depending on the
operation and its impacts, the public consultation can take many different
forms. Major projects may involve formal public hearings, while a small
development may just be discussed informally with those directly affected. The
methods used for consultation by the oil and gas industry include: public
meetings, open houses, advisory committees, facility tours, meetings with town
councils and community organizations, small group meetings, one-on-one meetings,
workshop sessions, trade shows, telephone contacts, questionnaires, surveys,
brochures, newsletters, exhibits, news releases, media interviews,
advertisements and toll-free telephone numbers.
Petroleum Communication Foundation. Our Petroleum Challenge: Exploring Canada's Oil and Gas Industry, Sixth Edition. Calgary: Petroleum Communication Foundation, 1999. With permission from the Centre for Energy.