Laurie's great-grandparents emigrated from the United States-in particular, from Texas-between 1908 and 1911. They came with eight children, and there were 13 children in total; five were born in Amber Valley. Life in the United States was very difficult: the Jim Crow Laws were in effect and Blacks were not treated equally. Blacks left for Canada, drawn by the promise of land. Laurie also discusses her grandfather, Samuel Carothers. He and his wife Beulah were raised in Texas and moved to Alberta, where they purchased two quarter sections of land and promised to "prove up" a homestead.