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Aboriginal Youth Identity Series: Origin and Settlementphotostidbitsglossarybiographiesstory and legendspuzzles and game
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Did you know?

  • At the time of contact, Aboriginal People were willing to help the European fur traders and settlers. They showed them how to make moccasins, canoes and snowshoes, and offered them food and shelter

  • On the Prairies the principle mode of transportation other than walking was the birch bark canoe

  • Canoes on the Pacific Coast were usually constructed of cedar or redwood. They were hollowed or dug out, could hold up to 60 people, depending on the size of the tree used

  • Snowshoes were another form of transportation, allowing people to travel swiftly over deep snow in search of animals such as caribou, elk and deer–all important food sources during the winter months

  • Snowshoes allowed families to utilize traplines over the winter months. Traplines were a source of smaller game such as the rabbit, muskrat or beaver

  • Snowshoes also allowed people access to frozen lakes for ice fishing in which they caught pike, walleye and trout

  • The toboggan, snowshoe and canoe all became important modes of transportation for fur traders and explorers

  • Many Cree believe that stories based on fiction cannot be told during the summer months as that is the time of year when people should keep themselves the busiest. It is also believed that people who risk telling these stories in summer invite their lives to be destroyed by lizards, toads or snakes who would sneak into their beds

  • The Blackfoot were nomadic buffalo hunters and migrated to their present territory from the Northern Great Lakes region

  • After the signing of Treaty 7 and the demise of the buffalo, the Blackfoot settled on reserves in Southern Alberta

  • The Athabascan Language group includes Chipewyan, Beaver and Sarcee

  • The Algonquian language group includes Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwa (Saulteaux) and Algonkian

  • Before the Europeans introduced beads, ribbon and buttons, many Aboriginal women used porcupine quills to decorate clothing

  • Saskatoon berries and chokecherries were some of the favorite berries of the Cree

  • There are six major cultural regions of First Nations in Canada (from east to west): Woodland, Iroquois of south eastern Ontario, Plains, Plateau, Pacific Coast, and First Nations of the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins

  • Many Cree people believe the Northern Lights are caused by the reflection of departed spirits dancing in the realm of the great beyond

  • The Cree people were introduced to guns before their more northerly neighbors the Dene
  • Traditional games played by Aboriginal People inspired the games of hockey and lacrosse

  • It can take less than an hour to assemble a tipi

  • Traditionally, the art of the Sioux people incorporates beading and quillwork, and many men created small carvings using a knife

  • The bark of White Willow trees was used to soothe fevers

  • Prior to contact with European settlers, the Assiniboine people roamed from an area near Red River (Pembina Mountains), west along the Assiniboine River, across to Fort Vermilion, south along Battle River all the way down to Missouri in the United States. When the buffalo began to disappear, the Assiniboine were forced to live on reserves

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