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Alberta Online Encyclopedia
Canadian Petroleum Heritage
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New Brunswick

New Brunswick’s oil and gas industry began near Moncton with a shallow well discovered in 1859. The gas industry’s major development began in 1909 with the first successful natural gas well at Stoney Creek, near Moncton. By 1912, Moncton was being lit with the natural gas piped from the field. New Brunswick’s manufacturing industry greatly expanded since the Second World War. In addition to boats and ships, the province’s chemical and oil refineries dominated the economy. The city of St. John was the home of Canada's largest oil refinery. The evolution of the provincial oil and gas industry has continued to the present day. The Stoney Creek field remained in production until 1992, which is the year that it closed. In 1993, New Brunswick had 105 onshore wells, the largest number of onshore wells in Atlantic Canada. With the Sable Oil Project, New Brunswick will benefit economically from the extraction of natural gas. The gas continues to be sent to markets through the Maritime and Northeastern Pipeline Project through Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, which will continue to refine the petroleum that comes from the Sable Oil projects.

New Brunswick Department of Energy site has more information on the province’s oil and gas industry: http://www.gnb.ca/0085/index-e.asp


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