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Alberta Online Encyclopedia
Canadian Petroleum Heritage
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Technology

Natural GasAlberta supplies about 80 percent of Canada’s natural gas consumption needs. Natural gas is found in sedimentary rock formations, created from the accumulation of sand, slit, and decomposition of plants and animals. Natural Gas is comprised of hydrogen and carbon, found by itself or in association with oil. It is both colourless and odourless, made up of ethane, propane, and butane. Impurities may be mixed with the gas when it comes out of the ground, and the gas must be processed before it is ready to be used. Natural gas is combustible and burns more cleanly than some other energy sources, which helps reinforce its position as one of the most highly used energy sources. Natural gas can be measured in a variety of ways, although the most common unit of measurement is the Gigajoule (GJ), which signifies one billion joules, the metric measure for heat or energy. Natural gas is used in residential, commercial, and industrial applications such as heating and plastics manufacturing.

 

 

 

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