The processing of crude oil,
natural gas, and oil sands involves sophisticated
technology to create the many products we use daily.
Approximately 75 percent of the oil produced in
Canada is refined into transportation fuels such as
gasoline and diesel for cars and trucks, kerosene
for jet aircraft, and fuel oil for ships. Oil is
also used for domestic and industrial heating, as
well as fuels
for industrial purposes and generating electricity.
In addition, a form of crude oil called bitumen
needs to be processed further since it exists in a
semi or completely solid form.
Natural gas is an energy source
for electricity generation, steam heat production,
co-generation, industrial uses such as processing
forest products, heavy oil, manufacturing steel,
fertilizers, and cement. It has domestic uses such
as fuelling furnaces, climate control systems,
appliances, and vehicles. It is not usually
marketable right out from the ground but needs to be
processed. Gas contains containments that must be
removed such as shale, sand, water, carbon dioxide,
and hydrogen sulphide.