The employment demographics of each region in
Canada indicate an overall growth since the late
1990s. The number of oil wells in western Canada has
grown immensely. In 1970, there were 16,821 oil
wells in operation. By 1998, 51,262 wells were
operating with half of them in Alberta. In Fort
McMurray alone, the population had increased by 12
percent from 2000 to 2002. This was due to
exploration and development of the oil sands.
Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as Nova Scotia both
have increased their employment levels due to the
recent developments in crude oil and natural gas
production. Over the next two decades, between
25,000 and 90,000 new jobs will be created in Nova
Scotia due to this growth. For Newfoundland, the
Hibernia Project has greatly increased employment.
It added 3,100 new jobs to the economy and reduced
unemployment by 1.6 percent.