Doken yaû bi
The Nakoda language, spoken by the Nakoda Peoples (also known
as the Stoney), belongs to the Siouan language family. It
originated in the Sioux Nation of the east coast of today’s
Canada. In the early seventeenth century, two larger groups
separated from the Sioux Nation – the Assiniboine, who settled
in the mid-west (today’s Manitoba and Saskatchewan), and the
Nakoda, who settled farther west in today’s Alberta.
It is speculated that the Nakoda moved west along with the
Cree during the fur trade era.
Hence, the Nakoda occupied a similar organizational band
structure to the Cree and Blackfoot. Their bands were
egalitarian but flexible in structure, and movement between
bands was common and usually due to marriage. Like the Cree and
Blackfoot Peoples, the Nakoda were also immensely affected by
the introduction of the horse as a mode of transportation and
Traditionally, the Nakoda had a foraging economy; hunting,
gathering, and fishing were the main sources of sustenance. They
relied heavily on the buffalo for food, tools, and shelter – no
part was wasted. Other food sources included rabbit, duck,
beaver, muskrat, groundhog, and porcupine.
Today, there are three main Nakoda communities: the Alexis
First Nation, the Paul First Nation, and Morley (also known as