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The Boreal Forest Region
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Subarctic Wildlife

The Subarctic Subregion is lower in wildlife diversity than other Boreal Forest Subregions largely due to the harsh environment and limited vegetational diversity, particularly the scarcity of deciduous communities. Some Boreal Forest species are either local or absent, while other species more typical of Subarctic habitats further north are present. These latter include Red-throated Loon, Arctic Loon, Surf Scoter, Tree Sparrow and Northern Phalarope.

Yellow-rumped WarblerCommon species of Black Spruce forests include Gray Jay, Common Raven, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Blackpoll Warbler, Dark-eyed Junco, Chipping Sparrow, Red Squirrel, Snowshoe Hare and Black Bear. Woodland Caribou occur in the Birch and Caribou mountains.

Wetland species include Lesser Yellowlegs, Palm Warbler, Rusty Blackbird, Lincoln's Sparrow, and Moose. On lakes and ponds, Common Loon, Bald Eagle, Osprey, Spotted Sandpiper, Swamp Sparrow and Beaver are common. The largest concentration of nesting Bald Eagles is around Bistcho Lake in the Cameron Hills and there are nesting colonies of White Pelicans in the Birch Mountains.


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