The Foothills Fescue Vegetation
The Foothills Fescue grasslands are dominated by
Rough Fescue, Idaho Fescue, Parry's Oatgrass and Intermediate Oatgrass.
Associated grasses include
Columbia Needle Grass and Cusick's Bluegrass. In the Cypress
Parry's Oatgrass is rare while Slender Wheat Grass is more common.
Shrubby Cinquefoil is a locally dominant shrub on rapidly drained sites along the foothills and on moist sites in the Cypress Hills, where it has increased with grazing pressure on the herbaceous
This particular grassland subregion also has a greater variety and cover of forbs than does the
Northern Fescue Subregion.
Some dominant species include: Sticky Geranium, Prairie Crocus, Wooly
Gromwell, Golden Bean, Prairie Sagewort, American Sweet Vetch, Low
Larkspur, Heart-leaved Buttercup, Shooting Star, and Western Wild
Parsley. Balsam-root is also characteristic of steep slopes of the foothills portion but is absent in the Cypress Hills.
Narrow-leaved Cottonwood woodlands occur on fluvial terraces of the Oldman, Belly, Waterton, and St. Mary's rivers. These are generally less extensive than those in the Mixedgrass
Information provided by and printed with the permission
of Alberta Community Development, Parks
and Protected Areas.