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Alberta Online Encyclopedia and Edukits

 
Aboriginal Youth Identity Series: Origin and Settlementphotostimelinebiographiesglossarytidbitspuzzles and game
grade 3grade 4grade 5

Timeline

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1869
Smallpox strikes Blackfoot, Peigan and Blood tribes; Hudson’s Bay Company sells Rupert’s Land to the government of Canada which promptly causes Métis to launch the Red River Rebellion; whiskey trade period at its peak until 1875

1870
Manitoba Act promises 1,400,000 acres of land to Métis in settlement of their Aborginal title; last full scale battle with the Blackfoot against the Cree and the Stoney-Assiniboine

Man signing adhesion to Treaty 6, Rocky Mountain House, AB

1871
The first of the Numbered Treaties is signed

1873
Cypress Hills Massacre

1874
North West Mounted Police formed and dispatched to the Plains to control whiskey trade; Fort Macleod is built

Fort Calgary, AB

1875
Fort Calgary built

1876
Indian Act is passed; serious depletion of the buffalo begins

1877
Treaty 7 signed by the government of Canada, Blackfoot Confederation, T’suu T’ina (Sarcee) and Stoney Nations

Buffalo in Banff National Park, Banff, AB

1879
Buffalo in Blackfoot hunting grounds are driven south forcing many Blackfoot to move to Montana

1883
The Canadian Pacific Railway reaches the Rocky Mountains by the end of the year

1884
An Indian Act revision bans the potlatch ceremony on the northwest coast

1885
The North West Rebellion is led by Métis leaders Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont
Canadian Pacific Railway is complete; Indian Act revision outlaws the Sun Dance

Advertisement for province of Alberta in the Calgary Herald newspaper

1899
Treaty 8 is signed

1905
Alberta established as a province

1912
Blackfoot participate in the Calgary Stampede

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