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Aboriginal Youth Identity Series: Origin and Settlementphotostimelinebiographiesglossarytidbitspuzzles and game
grade 3grade 4grade 5


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Smallpox strikes Blackfoot, Peigan and Blood tribes; Hudson’s Bay Company sells Rupert’s Land to the government of Canada which promptly causes Métis to launch the Red River Rebellion; whiskey trade period at its peak until 1875

Manitoba Act promises 1,400,000 acres of land to Métis in settlement of their Aborginal title; last full scale battle with the Blackfoot against the Cree and the Stoney-Assiniboine

Man signing adhesion to Treaty 6, Rocky Mountain House, AB

The first of the Numbered Treaties is signed

Cypress Hills Massacre

North West Mounted Police formed and dispatched to the Plains to control whiskey trade; Fort Macleod is built

Fort Calgary, AB

Fort Calgary built

Indian Act is passed; serious depletion of the buffalo begins

Treaty 7 signed by the government of Canada, Blackfoot Confederation, T’suu T’ina (Sarcee) and Stoney Nations

Buffalo in Banff National Park, Banff, AB

Buffalo in Blackfoot hunting grounds are driven south forcing many Blackfoot to move to Montana

The Canadian Pacific Railway reaches the Rocky Mountains by the end of the year

An Indian Act revision bans the potlatch ceremony on the northwest coast

The North West Rebellion is led by Métis leaders Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont
Canadian Pacific Railway is complete; Indian Act revision outlaws the Sun Dance

Advertisement for province of Alberta in the Calgary Herald newspaper

Treaty 8 is signed

Alberta established as a province

Blackfoot participate in the Calgary Stampede

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