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Farming

Until 1900 the Canadian West had remained largely under-populated, and so the federal government began an intensive settlement program offering cheap land and social and religious freedom. At the turn of the century, a homesteading entry cost $10 for a 160 acre piece of land, and title to that property could be obtained after three years - provided that settlers lived on the land at least six months out of each of their first three years in Canada, that they cultivated at least 40 acres of land on their homestead, and built a house on their property. If the initial 160 acres was not sufficient, adjoining quarters could be purchased at a rate of $3/acre.

Arthur Henry Pope breaking land at Pine Lake, Alberta.

Arthur Henry Pope breaking land at Pine Lake, Alberta.