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While some cultural groups, such as the Ukrainians, tended to settle in large, ethnically homogenous "bloc settlements", many families simply came on their own, settling nearby others of similar nationality or ethnic background. For some, such as the British and Americans, adjusting to their new homeland was not difficult, as they spoke the language and possessed a general knowledge of Canadian topography and farming methods. However, the transition was difficult indeed for those who could not speak English and knew little of their new homeland. Arriving, most often, only with what they could carry with them from their homelands, it was a challenge for many to provide adequate food, shelter, and clothing for their families until they managed to establish their homesteads and begin cultivating the land.

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