hide You are viewing an archived web page collected at the request of University of Alberta using Archive-It. This page was captured on 16:52:04 Dec 08, 2010, and is part of the HCF Alberta Online Encyclopedia collection. The information on this web page may be out of date. See All versions of this archived page. Loading media information
Heritage Community Foundation Presents
Alberta Online Encyclopedia

Immigration Policy
Featured Article
The passage of the first Canadian Immigration Act in 1869 did not specify any guidelines regarding class or category distinctions of immigrants. While this hands-off approach was a common theme in politics at the time, the evolution of Canadian immigration policy became markedly more restrictive until after World War II.

The Immigration Act of 1906 formalized into one document all of the amendments and orders-in-council affecting immigration policy since the Act of 1869. It also placed constraints on the entry of individuals, mostly based on mental or physical disability, and provided the means of deporting "undesirables."

Four years later, the Immigration Act of 1910 went further to restrict immigration. Although it did not specifically establish guidelines regarding aspects such as occupation and ethnicity, it did give the federal cabinet discretionary powers to regulate immigration on the basis of nearly any means it deemed necessary.

Building on the precedent set by the Immigration Acts of 1906 and 1910, the interwar period witnessed the height of restrictive immigration policy in Canada, including the Immigration Act of 1923, which effectively ended Chinese immigration until 1947 when the act was repealed.

Back |  Top
Visit Alberta Source!
Heritage Community Foundation
Canada's Digital Collections

This digital collection was produced with financial assistance from Canada's Digital Collections initiative, Industry Canada. timeline » 

Albertasource.ca | Contact Us | Partnerships
            For more on Alberta’s cultural diversity, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.
Copyright © Heritage Community Foundation All Rights Reserved