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Post World War II

Calgary, AlbertaWorld War II marked the birth of modern-day Alberta. Prior to the war, Alberta was a predominantly rural province focused on agriculture. There were significant minority populations in the province but political, economic and  social life was dominated by the majority culture, a culture that could overwhelmingly trace its ancestry to Great Britain.
Oil well near Coalspur
Today, even though agriculture remains decidedly important, Alberta's population is primarily situated in urban centres. While the economic development brought about by World War II lifted Canada out of the Great Depression, in Alberta it was the tremendous discoveries of oil and gas that forever transformed the province.

Westmount Shopping CentreIn the post-World War II era, immigrants to Alberta have predominantly made their way to the province's burgeoning towns and cities and not to rural areas. With the adoption of multiculturalism and much of the bias removed from Canadian immigration policy, Alberta in the postwar period has become much more culturally diverse.

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            For more on Alberta’s cultural diversity, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.
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