Through the 1950s to the 1980s, airlines across Canada struggled
against the regulations that were established to protect
Trans Canada Airlines (TCA). Companies like Canadian Pacific
Airlines, Wardair, and Pacific Western Airlines came up with
innovative ways to get around the regulations, which included
offering charter services and irregular services between cities.
Government regulators responded to these successes by imposing
new restrictive regulations designed to oppose the effort.
Pressure grew on the federal government to remove the
regulations when it became clear that the smaller carriers were
fulfilling a need Canadians wanted.
Other smaller airlines, like Time Air, were established and
profitably offered feeder air services between smaller
communities and the larger centres where the main airlines