The de Havilland Twin Otter is considered to be one of Canada’s
most successful commercial aircraft.
The plane was first developed in 1964 and 1965 as a short
haul commuter designed to carry between 13 and 18 passengers.
It was originally built to fulfill the needs of the Ontario
Department of Lands, and thus, was designed with short takeoff
and landing capabilities. The Twin Otter is sometimes compared
to a helicopter since it has such a steep takeoff and landing
ability, requiring only a short runway.
The Twin Otter 100, or "first series," had a cruising speed
of 297 kilometres per hour and a range of 1,427 kilometres. If
the Twin Otter was loaded with 974 kilograms, its range was
1,344 kilometres. The 300 series had a cruising speed of 338
kilometres per hour without a load.
Over 800 of the rugged, small passenger aircraft have been