hide You are viewing an archived web page, collected at the request of University of Alberta using Archive-It. This page was captured on 17:05:04 Dec 08, 2010, and is part of the HCF Alberta Online Encyclopedia collection. The information on this web page may be out of date. See All versions of this archived page.

Heritage Community Foundation Presents
Alberta Online Encyclopedia

Terry Garvin Oral History Interview

In 1951, a young man from Craik, Saskatchewan, named Terry Garvin began his journey into the woods - specifically the Boreal Forest of Canada's northwest. At the time, he was a constable for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police assigned to serve various communities in northern Alberta, northern Saskatchewan, northern British Columbia, and the southern Northwest Territories. Over the next 13, his work brought him in close contact with some of the First Nations and Métis communities of the North, and his fascination with the culture of the people of the Boreal Forest was born.

Terry Garvin

Garvin would go on to work in a number of different fields in the North: community development, socio-economic assessment and management, and developing the new discipline of Traditional Use Studies or Land Use Mapping. With a number of colleagues (Gordon Armitage, Cecilia Boucher, Bertha Ganter, Gordon Hodgson, Fred MacDonald, Shirley Nelson and Mike Robinson of the Arctic Institute of North America), he undertook the important Fort McKay First Nation Traditional Land Use and Occupancy Study There is Still Survival Out There.The Study, completed in 1994, became a model for this kind of work mapping 38,000 square kilometers including the peoples' trails and cabins, spiritual (grave) and historical sites, fur bearers, big game, fish, birds, berries, trees and plants, place names, and traplines.

Garvin went on to work on other TUS including the Aseniwuche Winewak Nation. In his work he drew on his extensive knowledge of the North and also used photography and oral history to enhance the studies. Garvin wrote Bushland Peoples (University of Calgary Press, 199?) and Carving Faces, Carving Lives, People of the Boreal Forest (Heritage Community Foundation, 2006). He also was actively involved in the creation of the People of the Boreal Forest Website and Edukit, developed by the Heritage Community Foundation for the Alberta Online Encyclopedia - www.albertasource.ca.

The following excerpts are from an oral history interview with Garvin undertake in 2008 by Dr. Adriana Davies, Executive Director and Editor-in-Chief of the Heritage Community Foundation. David Bates is the videographer and video editor.

1939-1942
Terry recalls war, work and school, all while supporting his family.
Play Movie
56 Languages
There were 56 Indian Languages in Canada, only 8 survived.
Play Movie
Community Abandonment
Building off Reserves now, Fort McKay, Oil Companies.
Play Movie
Baby Rattle
Baby Rattle made from Grouse.

Play Movie
Dream Mapping
Elders and Dream Mapping

Play Movie
Fort McKay Development
1960s, negative aspects of development on community, created credits and debits
Play Movie
Fort Ray Moose Hunt
Moose hunt, cleaning and dressing, taking organs to the chief as an offering
Play Movie
Fort Ray Dog Team
Dog Teams, Decoration

Play Movie
Fort Ray Trappers and Hunters
Trappers, diet, wildlife, caribou

Play Movie
Game Warden and The Wolf
Taboo regarding the shooting of a wolf.

Play Movie
Negall Motives
Beliefs - Negall a humanlike creature, Dog Rib people...
Play Movie
Lunch For Visitors
Young natives are not moving back to community after University...
Play Movie
One Foot In Hell
Names registered under Indian Act, People not living with original names...
Play Movie
Profit River
Small community along Alaska Highway...

Play Movie
Fort Ray RCMP
Tea Dance, symbolism, uses camera to capture lifestyle of the people...
Play Movie
Publication
Info about publication of Bushland People and Carving Faces...
Play Movie
RCMP Moose
Old lady shot a moose out of season, had to go to jail...
Play Movie
RCMP Prince George, Fort St. James
Terry's intro to the native community...

Play Movie
Updating Value Systems
White society needs to update, is it any better than the traditional life...
Play Movie
Testing Prejudice
Interesting anecdote regarding prejudice.

Play Movie
War Training
WWI, Michelle Bouvier, 1919 hired to be a dog musher in Siberia...
Play Movie
White Fox-Wolverine
Inuits living on ice became ill...

Play Movie
^ back 2 top ^
Albertasource.ca | Contact Us | Partnerships
            For more on Aboriginal land use in Alberta, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.

Copyright © Heritage Community Foundation All Rights Reserved