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Artists Biography - Rudy Wiebe

Rudy Wiebe was born into a Mennonite family in Fairholme, Saskatchewan in 1934. He was the youngest of seven children. As a Mennonite, Wiebe spent the first years of his life speaking low-German. He did not learn English until the age of six, when he entered school. Instead of viewing his lack of English as an obstacle, Wiebe used his experience to his advantage, ultimately exploring issues of cultural identity in his work.

Rudy Wiebe At 12 years old, Wiebe moved with his family to Coaldale, Alberta, a town just east of Lethbridge. The region has been the final destination of various religious groups such as Mormons and Hutterites, as well as thousands of Japanese-Canadians who were interned outside of the town during the Second World War. Wiebe attended school in the region until he decided to enrol in university. He moved north, first to Calgary for his bachelorís degree, and then to Edmonton to take his master of arts degree at the University of Alberta. It didn't take long for Wiebe to incorporate his experience into his writing, his Mennonite upbringing becoming the subject of his creative writing thesis. In addition to his literary study, Wiebe also attained a bachelor of theology degree from the Mennonite Brethren Bible College in Manitoba. In 1962, Wiebe turned his thesis into his first novel, And Peace Shall Destroy Many. The book sharply divided the Mennonite community.

Peace Shall Destroy Many While Wiebeís third novel, The Blue Mountains of China, was to once again plunge into the world of the Mennonites. His second novel, First and Vital Candle, explored the relationship between European-Canadians and Aboriginal peoples, introducing a subject that Wiebe was to return to again and again. It was for his fictional accounting of Big Bear, a Cree leader, in the novel, The Temptations of Big Bear, that was to cement Wiebeís name and reputation, as well as bring him his first Governor Generalís Award for Literature in 1973.

Rudy Wiebe talks about his direction after writing A Discovery of Strangers and winning a prestigious literary prize.
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The GG's He explored the Aboriginal experience again in his novel, the Scorched Wood People and A Stolen Life: The Journey of a Cree Woman, a work of non-fiction he co-authored with Yvonne Johnson, an imprisoned Cree woman and descendent of Big Bear himself.

As Wiebe wrote his novels, plays and essays, he continued to teach at the University of Alberta. He has been professor emeritus with the department of English since 1992. Like many of the other writers profiled on this site, Wiebe has devoted a large portion of his time to train the next generation of writers in the province.

Rudy Wiebe reads from the 'Shells of the Ocean' his story included in the anthology, Due West.
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Place: A City on the Prairie In 2003, Wiebe returned to his southern Alberta childhood home (in a creative sense) when he collaborated with Geoffrey James on Place: A City on the Prairie. The book features Jamesí photographs of Lethbridge and area. Wiebe contextualized the images with his words and gave meaning once again to the Canadian experience.


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