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Alberta Online Encyclopedia
The Métis in Western Canada: O-Tee-Paym-Soo-Wuk

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The BeginningsThe People and Their CommunitiesCulture and Lifeways
Written Language

One of the most profound and everlasting technologies that Europeans introduced to Native life was written communication. Native people passed on their history, culture and technology through physical examples, role models, drawings, and by oral histories.

Some European fur traders knew how advantageous it was for their Métis children to have an education, and in some instances sent them to England. Mission schools taught reading and writing, with vocational and religious themes as the main emphasis. Education was and still is a path to freedom and self-sufficiency. Many Métis leaders, such as Michel Callihoo, Adrian Hope, and James Brady recognized and championed literacy as an important key to obtain political, financial, social, and vocational equality for their people.

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Early Metis Clothing


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Written Language

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