To date, Alberta is Canada's only province that
has set aside a land base for Métis controlled settlements. As children
born of Native and European unions, Métis evolved into a distinct group
that according to the Métis Settlement Act, see themselves as people of
Canadian Aboriginal ancestry who identify with Métis history and culture.
Early Métis were widely known as adaptive, hard working, independent, fun
loving, closely tied to their kin and to their distinct culture and
lifestyles. These very traits would, after a long dark period, see many
Métis through some of Canada's harshest growing pains.
Alberta's eight Métis settlements are located across the northern part
of the province. As indicated by the timeline, these settlements were
established after many years of struggle and keen negotiation. With their
formation, Métis settlements eventually won land use rights and
self-government.Alberta's settlement Métis are Canada's first Métis to
have law-making and quasi-judicial powers defined by Alberta legislation —
powers that are exercised within specific Métis territories.
Original Métis Communities