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Fascism

The word Fascism has a dual origin, meaning it comes from two different words. It comes in part from the word fasces, a bundle of rods round an axe carried by the magistrates in ancient Rome as a symbol of power and authority. It comes also from the Italian word, fascio, meaning band or group.

The basic idea behind Fascism is that the State (Government) was absolute before which individuals and groups were all relative. The Italian leader Mussolini proclaimed, "Everything within the state, nothing against the state, nothing outside the state." The masses (regular people) should only "believe, obey and fight."