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Crops

A wide variety of crops are grown throughout Alberta, influenced largely by what sells in the market and regional growing conditions such as heat, moisture and number of frost-free days. The four major crop categories are cereals, oilseeds, specialty crops and forages. Cereal crops include spring- and fall-seeded wheat, malt and feed barley, oats, rye, durnum, and triticale (a hybrid of wheat and rye). The principal oilseed crops in Alberta are canola and flax. Specialty crops include field peas, mustard, lentils, dry bean, favabean, safflower, sunflower, canaryseed, herbs and spices, sugar beets, potatoes, corn and other vegetables grown for commercial production. Forage crops include alfalfa, brome grass, timothy, wheatgrasses, clover and wildryes. The most important crop types in Alberta, based on production values and sales, are wheat, barley, canola and tame hay.