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More about the Tito & Yugoslavia pages

The Yugoslavia home page begins with Tito's socialist form of authority, and follows through his death, the end of the regime, transition to another form of authority, and consequences of this particular end. The first section presents the public and martial (the personal and distant) sides of his authority. Both individual identification and military discipline were integral to this authority.

Click on any of the six small photos and you are linked to an enlarged image. Listen to the associated music or sound by clicking on the small ear icon in the upper right. (Please be patient as sound files take some time to load.)

Tito provided a possibility for Yugoslav identification around the political slogan "Brotherhood and Unity" by superceding other local and regional ethnic and religious affiliations. We chose to portray the ambivalence surrounding his death and legacy by juxtaposing his "martial shadows" with the profound mourning of the masses and leaders around the world. Our soundscapes juxtapose air raids and gun salutes with the live music from Tito's funeral that had played on Yugoslav television.

The caption on each enlarged image does not direct you outside the photo but rather to the image itself. What is included and excluded from view? What does this image and juxtaposed sound say about authority? The three longer "home page" texts that accompany the images and sounds of each section attempt a succinct narration of the theme. They simply point to the story, told in more detail in the book and film.

The third section, Consequences, implies no causal relationship but alludes to key events in the construction of political authority, two decades of experience, following the regime's end. What was the nature of the rupture in political authority following the death of the Father? We juxtapose images of the personal trajectory of ethnic cleansing with the military destruction of the Mostar bridge, which linked Muslims and Croats. To this we play the now-ghostly reminder of Tito, a speech on "Brotherhood and Unity," and the sound of Tito's funeral train. Our selection of ongoing historical events merely suggests ways into how the "death of the Father" continues to haunt successor forms of Yugoslav authority.

John Borneman & Linda Fisher, June 1999

(c) 1999 John Borneman & Linda Fisher, All Rights Reserved