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Map Zone

The maps in this section illustrate in a graphic way the changes which have taken place in the Alberta area during the 19th century.

Aboriginal occupation and migration has its own history which saw nations in the western regions come and go. The claim by Hudson's Bay Company of Rupert's Land and its subsequent sale to Canada was a transaction foreign to the Aboriginal understanding of relating to and living on the land. Land ownership was introduced late in the 19th century, when Indian reserves were designated and immigrants were invited to claim homesteads.


First Nations 1820

Distribution and approximate lands of Aboriginal peoples after 1820.


Tribal Distribution

Distribution of Aboriginal peoples across present-day Canada at time of first contact.


Posts and Missions in Early Alberta

Establishment of fur trading posts, Methodist and Roman Catholic missions, and North West Mounted Police posts in 15 year increments, from 1825-1915.


Dictionnaire biographique des Oblats de Marie-Immaculée au Canada

Vicariate's limits of the James Bay and Labrador, Vicariates and provinces of Western Canada, Center of Western Canada


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            For more on Missionary Oblates in Western Canada, visit Peel’s Prairie Provinces.

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