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Indian Residential Schools in Alberta

Lists of Indian residential schools appear on a number of websites including Wikipedia, Assembly of First Nations and Official Court Website. All provide some information about location, start and closing dates, and the religious denomination that operated them.  It must be noted that residential schools were the creation of the Government of Canada post-1879. Various religious denominations operated schools at missions prior to this period and, in this era, cannot be considered residential schools. Therefore, the lists include errors not only with respect to this but also with respect to other aspects. The following list for Alberta is based on information from Catholic and Oblate sources and the websites of the Anglican and United Church of Canada.

Roman Catholic:

  • Assumption Indian Residential School
    • Assumption / Hay Lakes/Chateh (Notre Dame de l’Assumption - Our Lady of Assumption):  1951-1970
  • Blood / St. Mary’s Indian Residential School
    • Stand Off (Immaculate Conception Indian Boarding School): 1898 - 1926
    • Cardston (Blood / St. Mary’s IRS): 1926 - 1975
  • Blue Quills Indian Residential School
    • Lac la Biche
      • Notre Dame des Victories/Hospice St. Joseph: 1862* - 1898 (*school operated as a mission school before becoming an Indian Boarding School)
    • Saddle Lake
      • Hospice St. Joseph/Sacred Heart: 1898 - 1931
    • St. Paul
      • Blue Quills: 1931 - 1970
  • Crowfoot Indian Residential School
    • Cluny (Blackfoot or Siksika Reserve):  1900 – 1968
  • Dunbow Industrial School
    • High River/St. Joseph:  1884 - 1922
  • Ermineskin Indian Residential School
    • Hobbema: 1894 – 1973
  • Holy Angels Indian Residential School
    • Ft. Chipewyan:  1874 – 1974
    • (*school operated as a mission school before becoming an Indian Boarding School)
  • Sacred Heart Indian Residential School
    • Brocket (Peigan or Piikani Reserve): 1895 – 1961
  • St. Augustine Mission Indian Boarding School
    • Peace River:  18?? – 1907 (funding transferred to Sturgeon Lake)
  • St. Bernard Indian Residential School
    • Grouard:  1890 - 1961
  • St. Bruno Indian Residential School
    • Joussard:  1913 – 1969
  • St. Francis-Xavier Indian Residential School
    • Sturgeon Lake / Calais:  1907 – 1961
  • St. Henry Indian Residential School
    • Ft. Vermilion:  1900 – 1967
  • St. Martin Indian Residential School
    • Desmarais (Wabasca):  1902 – 1973
  • Youville Indian Boarding School
    • St. Albert:  1863 – 1949
    • (*school operated as a mission school before becoming an Indian Boarding School)

Anglican:

  • Old Sun Indian Residential School
    • Gleichen:  1883 – 1968
  • St. Andrew Indian Residential School
    • Whitefish Lake/Atikameg:  1903 – 1950?
  • St. Barnabas Indian Boarding School
    • Sarcee Reserve:  1892 – 1923?
  • St. Cyprian Indian Residential School
    • Brocket:  1889 – 1961
  • St. John Indian Residential School
    • Wabasca:  1890 – 1966?
  • St. Paul Indian Residential School
    • Cardston:  1880 – 1972
  • St. Peter Indian Residential School
    • Lesser Slave Lake:  1892 – 1932

United Church (Methodist):

  • McDougall Orphanage and Residential School (Morley Indian Residential School)
    • Morley:  1875 – 1927
  • Red Deer Industrial School
    • Red Deer:  1891 – 1919
  • Edmonton Industrial School
    • St. Albert:  1924 – 1960s

Resources

Wikipedia: List of Indian residential schools in Canada
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Canadian_residential_schools#Alberta, retrieved April 2, 2009.

Official Court Notice, In re Residential Schools Class Action Litigation http://www.residentialschoolsettlement.ca/english_index.html, retrieved April 2, 2009.

History of Indian Residential Schools in Canada, Assembly of First Nations, Residential Schools in Alberta, http://www.afn.ca/residentialschools/ab_schools.html, retrieved April 6, 2009.

The Anglican Church of Canada, Anglican Indian and Eskimo Residential Schools, http://www.anglican.ca/rs/history/schools/histories.htm, retrieved April 2, 2009.

The United Church of Canada, Indian Residential Schools, http://www.united-church.ca/aboriginal/schools, retrieved April 2, 2009.


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