Since Canada’s confederation in 1867, article 93 of the
constitution guarantees provinces the exclusive right to
educational matters. Article 33 protects the right to
Since 1896, before the creation of the province of Alberta,
the North-West Territories allowed teaching in French for the
first two years of schooling. Ordinance 22, which had been
passed in 1892, was modified in 1901, to permit the teaching of
one French course as well as the teaching of other languages.
During the creation of the province, the guarantees of Article
93 of the Constitution, regarding denominational schools were
included in the constitution of the province, and article 110 of
the North-West Territories remained in effect.
The law proclaiming the creation of the province was
published in the two languages, but no mention was made of
linguistic rights. French-speaking children had the right to
receive the first two years of their schooling in French and
only an hour a day in the subsequent years.
In 1964, the situation was pretty much the same. Changes
stipulated that francophone children must have two hours of
English language courses a day and for the fourth year, and
those following, only one hour of French instruction per day.