companies relied on imported crude
oil, mainly from the United States, to
supplement the declining production in southwestern Ontario. After 1911, when
naval fleets began converting from coal to oil, the government urged the
industry to find and develop domestic oil supplies.
exploration efforts had one successan oil find by Imperial Oil in 1920 at Norman Wells in the Northwest Territoriesbut it was too far from markets.
Smaller discoveries at Turner
Valley, southwest of Calgary, provided fuel for
nearby areas after 1914. However, until the giant Leduc discovery near Edmonton
in 1947, Canada depended on imports for up to 90 percent of crude oil supplies.
companies concentrated for several decades on finding and developing crude oil
resources abroad, mainly in Central and South America and the Caribbean. Many
Canadian geologists and engineers learned their trade in tropical jungles.
Tanker fleets were a key component of the larger Canadian oil companies.
Petroleum Communication Foundation. Our Petroleum Challenge: Exploring Canada's Oil and Gas Industry, Sixth Edition. Calgary: Petroleum Communication Foundation, 1999. With permission from the Centre for Energy.