At the federal level, the government consists of the Prime
Minister and cabinet ministers. The Prime Minister and cabinet are always
members of the same political party, usually the one that has the most members
in the House of Commons, unless a Minority
Government is currently in power. No one else, not even the other Members of
Parliament belonging to the Prime Minister's party, are part of the government
in the parliamentary sense of the term.
In the parliamentary system at the federal level, the
government is part of the institution called Parliament. Parliament
consists of the Governor General, representing the Queen, and two Houses, the
House of Commons (the "lower House") and the Senate (the "upper
House"). In turn, the House of Commons consists of all Members of
Parliament - MPs - while the Senate is made up of Senators appointed by the
Prime Minister. Parliament's areas of responsibility under our
Constitution include citizenship, foreign policy, national defence, currency,
banking, and the postal service.