The Subarctic Subregion is lower in wildlife diversity than other Boreal Forest Subregions
largely due to the harsh environment and limited vegetational diversity,
particularly the scarcity of deciduous communities. Some Boreal Forest species are either local or absent, while other species more typical of Subarctic
habitats further north are present. These latter include
Red-throated Loon, Arctic Loon, Surf Scoter, Tree Sparrow and Northern
Common species of
Black Spruce forests include Gray Jay, Common Raven, Yellow-rumped
Warbler, Blackpoll Warbler, Dark-eyed Junco, Chipping Sparrow, Red
Squirrel, Snowshoe Hare and Black Bear.
Woodland Caribou occur in the Birch and Caribou mountains.
Wetland species include Lesser Yellowlegs, Palm Warbler, Rusty
Blackbird, Lincoln's Sparrow, and Moose. On lakes and ponds, Common
Loon, Bald Eagle, Osprey, Spotted Sandpiper, Swamp Sparrow and Beaver are common. The largest concentration of nesting
Bald Eagles is around Bistcho Lake in the Cameron Hills and there are nesting colonies of
White Pelicans in the Birch Mountains.