The Montane Subregion
Much of the southerly portion of the Montane Subregion occurs on east-west trending ridges that extend out from the Foothills Belt from the United States border to the Porcupine Hills. The Porcupine Hills are underlain by relatively flat-lying
sedimentary rocks. To the north, the Montane Subregion occurs mostly along major river valleys. Along the Bow River, it extends from the lower reaches of the Ghost River to about Castle Junction and, along the North Saskatchewan River from Kootenay Plains to Saskatchewan Crossing. The most northerly outlier is along the Athabasca River and adjacent valleys from Yellowhead Pass to Brule Lake. A small, disjunct area is the Ya-Ha-Tinda along the Red Deer River west of Sundre. Portions of the
Cypress Hills are also included here.
Sandstone outcrops are typical of the main, southerly portion. The Cypress Hills are capped by Tertiary gravels and were unglaciated during the last glaciation. The landforms of the major valleys are primarily fluvial and
glaciofluvial terraces and fans with smaller areas of
and morainal deposits. Elevations range from 1000-1350 metres in
Park, to 1350-1600 metres in Banff National
Park, to more than 1600 along the Eastern Slopes south of Calgary.
Information provided by and printed with the permission of Alberta Community Development,
Parks and Protected Areas.