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Orders-In-Council of 1930 and 1931
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Employment marchWith the onset of the Great Depression, Canada again shifted immigration policy. Unemployment had skyrocketed and the general public resisted giving up theEmployment opportunities few available jobs to new migrants. The Railway Agreement, which brought so many migrants to Alberta in the 1920s, was cancelled and the federal government took measures to seal off the country to refugees fleeing Nazi Germany.

In 1930 an order-in-council barred immigration entirely except to those who already had immediate Drought conditions family in Canada or who were economically self-sufficient. This was followed in 1931 by Order-in-Council P.C. 695, which essentially stopped all immigration from Europe. Only British subjects and American migrants with sufficient capital or assured employment, or those who were the wives and unmarried children of Canadian residents were permitted entry. As a result, immigration to Canada in the 1930s plunged to 140,000 from 1,166 000 in the 1920s.
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