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Dutch Settler Of the immigrants who came to Alberta after World War II, the Dutch were the third largest group.  World War II devastated the countryside of the Netherlands, destroying many farms and houses. Coupled with a low infant mortality rate and a high birth rate, there was a struggle to support the existing population.  As a result, the Netherlands experienced acute food shortages, unemployment, and a volatile post-war economy.  

In response to the upheaval, the government of the Netherlands assisted the emigrationNew Dutch Settlers of its people, providing information on receiving countries, money to help emigrants re-establish themselves, and transportation by ship and air to their new destinations. Canada was a natural choice for many of the Dutch  immigrants as it was one of the closest receiving countries to their homeland and the bustling Canadian economy offered the Dutch a chance to start over and gain renewed prosperity.

Canadians, too, welcomed the arrival of the Dutch. They were regarded as equals and   therefore did not have to face the cruelties of racism as did many other immigrants who settled in Canada. Government officials also believed the Dutch to be ideal settlers as many were farmers in their homeland and therefore perfect prospects to settle and cultivate the fertile lands in the west. 

Dutch group after United Church service Although the majority of Dutch coming into Canada were destined for Ontario, the third largest group of immigrants coming to Alberta were the Dutch, outnumbered only by the British and the German.  As post-war Alberta began to experience significant changes in agriculture, the Dutch were adapting quickly to new technologies in farming, which made it possible to farm larger areas of land with fewer people. By 1961 Holland's economy began to improve which led to a decrease in the number of Dutch settlers to Canada and Alberta. The Dutch communities throughout Alberta have made great contributions to the advancement of farming in the province and have become important members of modern Albertan and Canadian society.  
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