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Data You can Use

Frequently Requested Data on Food, Farms, Trade, and More.

Commodity Markets
Farm Sector
Food Consumption

Rural America
State Summaries

All ERS data products

Commodity Market

Feed Grains Database, published monthly, contains statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats), foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items. Includes data published in the monthly Feed Outlook and (previously annual) Feed Yearbook. Data are monthly, quarterly, and/or annual depending on the data series.

Wheat Data, published monthly, contains statistics on wheat—including the five classes of wheat: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, white, and durum—and rye. Includes data published in the monthly Wheat Outlook and (previously annual) Wheat Yearbook. Data are monthly, quarterly, and/or annual depending on the data series.

Commodity Costs and Returns has estimates of annual production costs and returns for major field crops and livestock for the United States and major production regions.

Outlook Reports published regularly, provide data and analysis on major commodity markets and trade, and special reports address timely topics. The annual reports also contain historical data.

World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates published monthly, provides the most current USDA forecasts of U.S. and world supply and use of major grains, soybeans and soybean products, and cotton; prices of some commodities; and U.S. supply and use of sugar and livestock products.

Background Statistics on U.S. Beef and Cattle Industry cover information on production, prices, and trade on a single web page for use by journalists and others looking for perspective on the markets.

Background Statistics on the U.S. Broiler Industry cover information on production, prices, receipts, and trade on a single web page for use by journalists and others looking for perspective on the markets. Broilers (chickens under 13 weeks old) constitute virtually all commercial chicken production.

Background Statistics on the U.S. Soybean Industry cover acreage, production, exports, and receipts, as a reference for journalists and others. Includes links to other resources.

Farm Sector

Farm Income Forecasts provide perspective on farm sector economic performance and incorporate data related to production and marketing of commodities, expenditures for inputs, and the role of government payment programs.

Farm Program Acres allows users to create and customize maps and tables displaying county-level planted and farm program acreage. Users can download and manipulate data to illustrate the share of commodity base acreage planted to nine major program crops (corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, wheat, rice, cotton, peanuts, and oilseeds).

U.S. and State Farm Income Data are available via drop-down menus and in worksheet formats, and include the farm business net value added, net cash income, cash receipts, government payments, production expenses, and household income.

Farm Business and Household Survey Data provides information from the annual Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS)—USDA’s primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and the economic well-being of America's farm households.

Agricultural Outlook: Statistical Indicators has data on individual commodities, the general economy, agricultural trade, farm income and expenses, farm prices, food prices and expenditures, and other statistical indicators of the food and agriculture system.

Food Consumption

The Food Consumption Data System tracks historical national aggregate consumption (per capita) of several hundred basic commodities.


Long-Term Agricultural Baseline Projections provides 10-year projections (2005-14) of the food and agriculture sector, used to forecast farm program costs, to prepare the President's budget, and to analyze impacts of potential policy changes on U.S. agriculture.

Rural America

Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America—The Atlas is a web-based interactive mapping tool that displays a broad range of data at the county level to visualize how social and economic conditions vary in rural areas across the United States. Users can create and download maps and download data.

State Summaries

State Fact Sheets provide information on population, employment, income, farm characteristics, and farm financial indicators for each state in the United States.


FATUS (Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States) data cover U.S. exports and imports by country, commodity, and Customs District; quantity and value; monthly and annually for all countries trading with the United States.

Data From Other Federal Agencies

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) conducts continuing surveys to monitor the food consumption and related behavior of the U.S. population.

Bureau of Labor Statistics is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics, including consumer expenditures, prices, and living conditions, and projections on economic growth.

Bureau of Economic Analysis provides detailed data on economic activity for the Nation, regions, States, metropolitan areas, and counties. Its national economic program features the estimates of gross domestic product (GDP).


Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) collects statistics on world agricultural production and world agricultural trade for a broad range of commodities.

National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collects, summarizes, analyzes, and publishes agricultural production and marketing data.

U.S. Census Bureau provides quality data about the nation's people and economy.

Alphabetical Index of Federal Statistical Agencies

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For more information, contact: Mary Reardon

Web administration: webadmin@ers.usda.gov

Updated date: April 24, 2009