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Cover of Amber Waves, September 2011 issue
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September 2011

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Data Feature Heading
Photo: Bag of groceries

by Aylin Kumcu and Phil Kaufman

Faced with falling incomes and economic uncertainty, many Americans economized on their food purchases during the 2007-09 recession, particularly on food away from home.


Photo: Flooded crop
Why Another Food Commodity Price Spike?

by Ronald Trostle

Food prices jumped in 2010-11, the second price spike within 3 years. Longer term financial, agricultural, and demographic trends, exacerbated by short-term production shortfalls, set up conditions for the increases.


Photo: Afghanistan wheat field

Rising Food Prices and Declining Food Security:
Evidence From Afghanistan

by Anna D’Souza

Afghanistan is particularly vulnerable to food and fuel price shocks, which, in 2007-08, led to an increase in household
food insecurity.


Photo: Tractor

by Marc Ribaudo

Agriculture is the single largest source of nitrogen compounds that can help or harm ecosystems. A range of policy instruments could be used to address different facets of nitrogen management and specific environmental problems.


Photo: Grasslands

by Roger Claassen, Fernando Carriazo, Joseph C. Cooper,
and Daniel Hellerstein

Federal farm programs, crop prices, and new technology may encourage farmers to extend crop production into native grasslands. A recent ERS study found that farm programs had a minor effect on conversions of grasslands to crop production.


Photo: Baby bottles

by Victor Oliveira

In exchange for exclusive sales arrangements, manufacturers provide large rebates to States for formula purchased through the program. Winning a WIC contract significantly increases a manufacturer’s market share.