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CLOSING REMARKS

Mr. Galvin suggested two polar positions: one could envision a world where everything is fair use in a networked environment, or a world in which nothing is fair use and every use must be separately paid for. Neither world is acceptable and a balance between access and proprietary rights must be found. In closing he emphasized that the differences between the interests of publishers and universities must be bridged if digital library systems are to achieve their goals. Second, he stated that a social consensus must be reached on acceptable and unacceptable behavior in the electronic publishing environment. Mr. Galvin hoped that this colloquium would be a contributing factor in reaching this consensus.

Rapporteur:

Deborah Lines Andersen
School of Information Science and Policy
Nelson A. Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy
University at Albany
State University of New York

REFERENCES

Dugan, Mary Kay. "Copyright of Electronic Information: Issues and Questions." Outline 15 (May 1991) 20-26.

Fisher, Francis Dummer. "The Electronic Lumberyard and Builders' Rights: Technology, Copyrights, Patents, and Academe." Change 21 (May/June 1989) 13-21.

Garrett, John R. and Joseph S. Alen. Toward a Copyright Management System for Digital Libraries. Salem, Mass.: Copyright Clearance Center, 1991.

Gilbert, Steven W., and Peter Lyman. "Intellectual Property in the Information Age." Change 21 (May/June 1989) 23-28.

Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. v. Nation Enterprises, 471 U.S. 539.

Lyman, Peter. "The Library of the (Not-so-distant) Future." Change 23 (Jan./Feb. 1991) 34-41.

Patterson, L. Ray, and Stanley W. Lindberg. The Nature of Copyright: A Law of Users' Rights. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

Rogers, Sharon J., and Charlene S. Hurt. "How Scholarly Communication Should Work in the 21st Century." The Chronicle of Higher Education. Oct. 18, 1989.

SONY Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 U.S. 417.

Stewart v. Abend (1990, U.S.) 109 L Ed 2d 184.

U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. Finding a Balance: Computer Software, Intellectual Property, and the Challenge of Technological Change. OTA-TCT-527. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1992.

Wilson, David L. "Critics of Copyright Law Seek New Ways to Prevent Unauthorized Use of Computerized Information." The Chronicle of Higher Education. May 6, 1992. A23-A24.