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Busted: Greenpeace Exposes Letter of Permit racket in Indian EEZ

India loses millions of dollars annually to illegal foreign fishing

Press release - February 28, 2012
February 28th 2012, Delhi - For the second time this week activists from the Greenpeace ship MY Esperanza exposed illegal fishing practices within the Indian EEZ, off the Andaman Islands coast (1). The tuna long liners Balaji No. 5, 6 and 9, were in violation of the Letter of Permit (LoP) scheme, being registered concurrently in Taiwan and India (2). The scheme allows foreign vessels to fish within the Indian EEZ, provided they have an exclusive Indian registration and Indian owner (3). Greenpeace informed the Coast Guards and the Ministry of Agriculture of these violations.

This racket is aided by shell companies in India that facilitate the so called Indian registration of these vessels. All three vessels were ostensibly owned by an Indian seafood company but evidence obtained by Greenpeace proves that they are controlled by a Taiwanese company called Long Wang Chang (4).

A LoP vessel like Balaji No.5 catches about 60-80 tons of tuna every season worth half a million USD in international markets. Currently there are 79 licensed vessels operating in the Indian waters (5). In return they pay 200USD as licensing fees to the Ministry of Agriculture. Public records of the taxes paid by these vessels in previous years do not exist.

These vessels are also allowed to transship their catch—a practice that encourages underreporting since it is self- regulated. This means that they never land any of their catch in India thus making it impossible to track.

“This free for all attitude towards fishing for lucrative species like tuna in our waters will surely lead to a total collapse of fisheries in India like it already has in industrial fishing nations like Taiwan. Poor formulation, regulation and implementation of the LoP have made the Indian EEZ an attractive alternative fishing ground. This robbery has been happening right under the government’s nose for years and no action has been taken till date”, says Areeba Hamid, oceans campaigner with Greenpeace India on-board the Esperanza.

The LoP scheme has become a scam at the cost of India’s oceans and the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people dependent on them. Greenpeace’s investigations on this issue highlight the broader systemic failure of the Indian government when it comes to the management of its seas.

Management and conservation of the oceans gains focus globally in 2012, with Governments at the Rio+20 Summit scheduled to negotiate the need for a UN High Seas Biodiversity Agreement, to protect international waters from fishing and other industrial activities. In follow-up, the 11th Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity in India will also have a strong emphasis on coastal and marine biodiversity. Until now world leaders have failed to deliver on the 10% target for Marine Protected Areas, a commitment made in 2004 at the World Summit on Sustainable development.

“Quite clearly, the situation in India mirrors the situation of the oceans globally. As host nation to the CBD COP in 2012, and a key player on global governance of the oceans, India stands to gain with proactive action. This begins with action at home, by suspending the Letter of Permit scheme and initiating a thorough investigation into the irregularities and violations that the scheme is riddled with,” concluded Hamid. 


Onboard Esperanza

Areeba Hamid, Oceans Campaigner onboard the Esperanza, +475140 7986 (87, 88)

Annemarie van Hees, Communications Officer onboard the Esperanza, +475140 7986 (87, 88)

At Delhi

Shuchita Mehta, Communications Officer, Greenpeace India, + 91 9560990606 

Sanjiv Gopal, Oceans Campaigner, Greenpeace India, +91 9845535416


Photo : Sudhanshu Malhotra, Photo Desk, Greenpeace India, +91 9810058019 , http://photo.greenpeace.org/C.aspx?VP3=ViewBox&STID=27MZIF21TVX9&CT=Story

Notes to the Editor 

(1)   Refer to http://www.greenpeace.org/india/en/Press/Greenpeace-exposes-pirate-fishing-practices-off-Andaman-coast/

(2) Balaji No. 5, 6 and 9 are concurrently registered under Taiwan - Hai Shiang No. 96, Hai Shiang No. 226 and Fu Sheng No. 92 respectively under the Western and Central Pacific Commission”      

(3)   Guidelines for fishing operations in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone; Refer to http://dahd.nic.in/dahd/division/fisheries/guidelines-for-fishing-operations-in-indian-exclusive-economic-zone.aspx

(4)   Refer to http://www.greenpeace.org/india/Global/india/docs/Ship-tour-2012/RFV-Vessels-FUH-SHENG-NO.92.pdf http://www.greenpeace.org/india/Global/india/docs/Ship-tour-2012/RFV-Vessels-HAI-HSIANG-NO.226.pdfhttp://www.greenpeace.org/india/Global/india/docs/Ship-tour-2012/RFV-Vessels-HAI-HSIANG-NO.96.pdf

(5)   Refer to http://www.greenpeace.org/india/Global/india/docs/Ship-tour-2012/List-of-fishing-vessels-operating-under-LOP-scheme.pdf